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DBMS > MariaDB vs. mSQL vs. Postgres-XL vs. Redis vs. Sphinx

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. mSQL vs. Postgres-XL vs. Redis vs. Sphinx

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonmSQL infoMini SQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.mSQL (Mini SQL) is a simple and lightweight RDBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.Open source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Document storeDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score89.90
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score1.51
Rank#128  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Score0.47
Rank#212  Overall
#101  Relational DBMS
Score144.81
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score6.49
Rank#52  Overall
#5  Search engines
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.hughes.com.au/­products/­msqlwww.postgres-xl.orgredis.iosphinxsearch.com
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarywww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationredis.io/­documentationsphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Hughes TechnologiesSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsSphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release200919942014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB20092001
Current release10.4.12, January 20204.2, April 201910 R1, October 20185.0.8, March 20203.1.1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial infofree licenses can be providedOpen Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++CCCC++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Linux
macOS
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infowith RediSearch moduleyes infofull-text index on all search fields
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infono subqueries, aggregate functions, views, foreign keys, triggersyes infodistributed, parallel query executionnoSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolProprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3nouser defined functionsLuano
Triggersyesnoyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keynonehorizontal partitioningShardingSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
noneMaster-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoACID infoMVCCOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scriptsno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesnoyesyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage enginenonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial versionno
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBmSQL infoMini SQLPostgres-XLRedisSphinx
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
MariaDBmSQL infoMini SQLPostgres-XLRedisSphinx
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