DBMS > MariaDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. SWC-DB
System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. SWC-DB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||MariaDB Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||SWC-DB Super Wide Column Database Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||MySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||A high performance, scalable Wide Column DBMS|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Wide column store|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
Graph DBMS with OQGraph storage engine
|Time Series DBMS|
|Website||mariadb.com Site of MariaDB Corporation|
mariadb.org Site of MariaDB Foundation
|Developer||MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise), |
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) The lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
|PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||Alex Kashirin|
|Initial release||2009 Fork of MySQL, which was first released in 1995||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2020|
|Current release||10.9.4, November 2022||15.1, November 2022||0.5, April 2021|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source GPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription available||Open Source BSD||Open Source GPL V3|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
|SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.|
|Implementation language||C and C++||C||C++|
|Server operating systems||FreeBSD|
Windows ColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
|Data scheme||yes Dynamic columns are supported||yes||schema-free|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes with proprietary extensions||yes standard with numerous extensions||SQL-like query language|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
Proprietary native API
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|Supported programming languages||Ada|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes PL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||several options for horizontal partitioning and Sharding||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||Sharding|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Multi-source replication|
|Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes not for MyISAM storage engine||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID not for MyISAM storage engine||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes not for in-memory storage engine||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes with MEMORY storage engine||no||no|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|MariaDB||PostgreSQL||SWC-DB Super Wide Column Database|
|Specific characteristics||MariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...|
|Competitive advantages||MariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....|
|Typical application scenarios||Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...|
|Key customers||Deutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...|
|Market metrics||MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...|
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|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.|
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|MariaDB||PostgreSQL||SWC-DB Super Wide Column Database|
|DB-Engines blog posts|
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|Conferences and events|
PGCon 2023, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
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