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DBMS > MariaDB vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Key-value store based on Berkeley DB Java EditionWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Relational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score85.57
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score3.57
Rank#79  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
Score491.07
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.oracle.com/­database/­nosql/­index.htmlwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.oracle.com/­cd/­NOSQL/­index.htmlwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
OraclePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release200920111989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release10.4.10, November 201918.3, November 201812.1, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoApache V2 for Community Edition, proprietary license for Enterprise EditionOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
  • EDB Postgres Cloud Database Service: Postgres cloud database service on AWS with Superuser Access, Unlimited Extensions, Higher Scalability, More Tuning Power and Oracle Compatibility. Try free!
Implementation languageC and C++JavaC
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedoptional, scheme definition possible with AVRO or in 'table-style'yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3nouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keyShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
Electable Master-Slave per shardMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infooff heap cacheno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBOracle NoSQLPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is a scalable , distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Data can be modeled as relational-database-style tables, JSON documents, RDF Triples...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Internet of Things where large volume of data needs to be stored and processed very...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Large credit card company Airbus NTT Docomo Global rewards company
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is used by hundreds of companies around the world. Oracle NoSQL...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle NoSQL Database Enterprise Edition can be purchased under the Oracle Commercial...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
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pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
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SQLPro for PostgreSQL: A simple but powerful PostgreSQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
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DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
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2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
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Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
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CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MariaDBOracle NoSQLPostgreSQL
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Conferences and events

MariaDB OpenWorks 2020
New York City, USA, 4-6 May 2020

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