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DBMS > MariaDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Widely used in-process key-value storeKey-value store based on Berkeley DB Java EditionVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Key-value storeGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Relational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score91.61
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score3.56
Rank#87  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Score4.17
Rank#79  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
Score2.56
Rank#111  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#53  Relational DBMS
#3  RDF stores
#10  Search engines
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlwww.oracle.com/­database/­nosql/­index.htmlvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmldocs.oracle.com/­cd/­NOSQL/­index.htmldocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Oracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleOracleOpenLink Software
Initial release2009199420111998
Current release10.4.12, January 202018.1 (Core), June 201819.5, November 201908.03.3316, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoApache V2 for Community Edition, proprietary license for Enterprise EditionOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)JavaC
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-freeoptional, scheme definition possible with AVRO or in 'table-style'yes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnooptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3nonoyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyesyes infoonly for the SQL APInoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keynoneShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationElectable source-replica replication per shardChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integrationyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyesyes infooff heap cacheyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights for users and rolesFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBOracle Berkeley DBOracle NoSQLVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is a scalable , distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Data can be modeled as relational-database-style tables, JSON documents, RDF Triples...
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Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
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Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Internet of Things where large volume of data needs to be stored and processed very...
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Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Large credit card company Airbus NTT Docomo Global rewards company
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is used by hundreds of companies around the world. Oracle NoSQL...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle NoSQL Database Enterprise Edition can be purchased under the Oracle Commercial...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
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Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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More resources
MariaDBOracle Berkeley DBOracle NoSQLVirtuoso
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