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DBMS > MariaDB vs. OpenSearch vs. Trino

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. OpenSearch vs. Trino

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonOpenSearch  Xexclude from comparisonTrino  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.A distributed, RESTful search and analytics engine forked from Elasticsearch and based on Apache LuceneFast distributed SQL query engine for big data analytics. Forked from Presto and originally named PrestoSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Spatial DBMS
Search engine
Time Series DBMS
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score90.58
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score16.64
Rank#35  Overall
#4  Search engines
Score5.44
Rank#59  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
github.com/­opensearch-project
opensearch.org
trino.io
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­libraryopensearch.org/­docs/­latesttrino.io/­broadcast
trino.io/­docs/­current
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHub
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Amazon Web ServicesTrino Software Foundation
Initial release2009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 199520212012 info2020 rebranded from PrestoSQL
Current release11.4.2, May 20242.5.0, January 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
STACKIT MariaDB offers MariaDB in a fully managed version in enterprise grade, 100% GDPR-compliant.
  • STACKIT OpenSearch offers OpenSearch in a managed version in enterprise grade, 100% GDPR-compliant, for a wide range of applications like analytics, website search, offering scalability and fast data access.
  • Aiven for OpenSearch: Fully managed open source search and analytics suite. Out-of-the-box integrations get you up and running in a couple of clicks.
Starburst Galaxy offers a feature-rich user interface to connect all your data sources, manage your Trino clusters, and query your data.
Implementation languageC and C++JavaJava
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
macOS infofor devlopment
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexeddepending on connected data-source
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
RESTful HTTP API
Trino CLI
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby infoElasticsearch client
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yesyes, depending on connected data-source
Triggersyesyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesseveral options for horizontal partitioning and ShardingShardingdepending on connected data-source
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesdepending on connected data-source
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, alldepending on connected data-source
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage enginenodepending on connected data-source
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesdepending on connected data-source
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardSQL standard access control
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBOpenSearchTrino
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
OpenSearch is a highly scalable and extensible open-source software suite for search,...
» more
Trino is the fastest open source, massively parallel processing SQL query engine...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB Servers have many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Distributed as fully open source under Apache License, Version 2.0 (ALv2), OpenSearch...
» more
High performance analtyics and data processing of very large data sets Powerful ANSI...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational applications that require high availability, scalability...
» more
The OpenSearch platform is used across a broad range of search , analytics, and observability...
» more
Performant analytics query engine for data warehouses, data lakes, and data lakehouses...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Trino is widely adopted across the globe as freely-available open source software....
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
33000+ commits in GitHub 8200+ stargazers in GitHub 1200+ pull requests merged in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMariaDB plc subscriptions cover our free, open source database, Community Server,...
» more
The OpenSearch Project offers open source software licensed under Apache License...
» more
Trino is an open source project and usage is therefore free. Commercial offerings...
» more
News

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11 July 2024

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24 June 2024

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20 June 2024

One busy week to go before Trino Fest 2024
6 June 2024

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more
Aiven for OpenSearch: Fully managed open source search and analytics suite. Out-of-the-box integrations get you up and running in a couple of clicks.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MariaDBOpenSearchTrino
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