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DBMS > MariaDB vs. NuoDB vs. Snowflake vs. VelocityDB

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. NuoDB vs. Snowflake vs. VelocityDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.NuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataA .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score113.89
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score0.96
Rank#178  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Score103.12
Rank#13  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score0.01
Rank#348  Overall
#36  Graph DBMS
#18  Object oriented DBMS
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
nuodb.comwww.snowflake.comvelocitydb.com
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydoc.nuodb.comdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmlvelocitydb.com/­UserGuide
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
NuoDB, Inc.Snowflake Computing Inc.VelocityDB Inc
Initial release2009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 1995201320142011
Current release10.8.3, May 20227.x
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial infolimited edition freecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC and C++C++C#
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedAny that supports .NET
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyesno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
.Net
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3Java, SQLuser defined functionsno
Triggersyesyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenyesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDByes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infotunable commit protocolACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infoTemporary tablenoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative UsersUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationBased on Windows Authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBNuoDBSnowflakeVelocityDB
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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More resources
MariaDBNuoDBSnowflakeVelocityDB
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