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DBMS > MariaDB vs. NuoDB vs. RDF4J vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. NuoDB vs. RDF4J vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.NuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRDF storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score113.89
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score0.96
Rank#178  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Score0.77
Rank#203  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score103.12
Rank#13  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
nuodb.comrdf4j.orgwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydoc.nuodb.comrdf4j.org/­documentationdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
NuoDB, Inc.Since 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Snowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release2009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 1995201320042014
Current release10.8.3, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC and C++C++Java
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesyes infoRDF Schemasyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesnoyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
PHP
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3Java, SQLyesuser defined functions
Triggersyesyesyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtennoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBnoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infotunable commit protocolACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infoTemporary tableno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative UsersnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBNuoDBRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSnowflake
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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More resources
MariaDBNuoDBRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSnowflake
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