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DBMS > MariaDB vs. Neo4j vs. Weaviate

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. Neo4j vs. Weaviate

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonWeaviate  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Open source graph databaseA cloud-native, realtime vector search engine integrating scalable machine learning models
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score93.61
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score54.64
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.05
Rank#319  Overall
#16  Search engines
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
neo4j.comgithub.com/­semi-technologies/­weaviate
www.semi.technology/­solutions/­weaviate
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­libraryneo4j.com/­docswww.semi.technology/­documentation/­weaviate/­current
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Neo4j, Inc.SeMI Technologies B.V.
Initial release200920072017
Current release10.5.8, 20204.1.4, November 20200.22.14, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infocommercial license available with Weaviate Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC and C++Java, ScalaGo
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free and schema-optionalyes, maps to GraphQL interface
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, int, float, geo point, date, cross reference, fuzzy references
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infoall data objects are indexed in a semantic vector space (the Contextionary), all primitive fields are indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoGraphQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsno
Triggersyesyes infovia event handlerno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keynoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)OpenID Connect Discovery
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBNeo4jWeaviate
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MariaDBNeo4jWeaviate
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