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DBMS > MariaDB vs. Neo4j vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Oracle NoSQL

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. Neo4j vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Oracle NoSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Open source graph databaseWidely used in-process key-value storeKey-value store based on Berkeley DB Java Edition
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score91.61
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score50.63
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score3.56
Rank#87  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Score4.17
Rank#79  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
neo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlwww.oracle.com/­database/­nosql/­index.html
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­libraryneo4j.com/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmldocs.oracle.com/­cd/­NOSQL/­index.html
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Neo4j, Inc.Oracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleOracle
Initial release2009200719942011
Current release10.4.12, January 20204.1.2, September 202018.1 (Core), June 201819.5, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoApache V2 for Community Edition, proprietary license for Enterprise Edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++Java, ScalaC, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)Java
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeoptional, scheme definition possible with AVRO or in 'table-style'
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnooptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnono
Triggersyesyes infovia event handleryes infoonly for the SQL APIno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keynonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlySource-replica replicationElectable source-replica replication per shard
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononowith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graphsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyesyes infooff heap cache
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)noAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBNeo4jOracle Berkeley DBOracle NoSQL
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is a scalable , distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Data can be modeled as relational-database-style tables, JSON documents, RDF Triples...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Internet of Things where large volume of data needs to be stored and processed very...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Large credit card company Airbus NTT Docomo Global rewards company
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is used by hundreds of companies around the world. Oracle NoSQL...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database Enterprise Edition can be purchased under the Oracle Commercial...
» more
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