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DBMS > MariaDB vs. Nebula Graph vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. Nebula Graph vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.A distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSWidely used in-process key-value store
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score91.61
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score0.43
Rank#234  Overall
#19  Graph DBMS
Score3.56
Rank#87  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
github.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.nebula-graph.iodocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.html
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Vesoft Inc.Oracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by Oracle
Initial release200920191994
Current release10.4.12, January 202018.1 (Core), June 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infocommercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC and C++C++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
LinuxAIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedStrong typed schemaschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML edition
Secondary indexesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query languageyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is available
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C++
Go
Java
Python
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3no
Triggersyesyes infoonly for the SQL API
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keyShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocolSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access controlno
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBNebula GraphOracle Berkeley DB
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
At our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
News

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4 September 2020

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MariaDBNebula GraphOracle Berkeley DB
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