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DBMS > MariaDB vs. MySQL vs. Percona Server for MySQL

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. MySQL vs. Percona Server for MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPercona Server for MySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Widely used open source RDBMSEnhanced drop-in replacement for MySQL based on XtraDB or TokuDB storage engines with improved performance and additional diagnostic and management features.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score84.44
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score1229.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score2.61
Rank#96  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.mysql.comwww.percona.com/­software/­mysql-database/­percona-server
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydev.mysql.com/­docwww.percona.com/­downloads/­Percona-Server-LATEST
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPercona
Initial release200919952008
Current release10.4.6, June 20198.0.16, April 20198.0.15-6, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++C and C++C and C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes infoproprietary syntaxyes
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keyhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
XtraDB Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBMySQLPercona Server for MySQL
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
100% drop in replacement for MySQL Provides enterprise-grade features in an open...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Open source product means improved ROI and no vendor lock-in MyRocks reduces write-amplification...
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Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Transaction-based web site E-commerce applications Structured and predictable data...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Facebook Bloomberg EA Sports Advertise.com Rent the Runway Pepper.com Pivotal Big...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Over 4,500,000 downloads 1000+ customers. Awarded Bronze Stevie® Award winner ​
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen source and 100% free of fees and license agreements
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more
General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Dremio is like magic for MySQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
» more

ScaleGrid: Fully managed MySQL-as-a-Service.
» more

SQLPro for MySQL: A simple but powerful MySQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MariaDBMySQLPercona Server for MySQL
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Conferences and events

MariaDB OpenWorks 2020
New York City, USA, 4-6 May 2020

Percona Live Open Source Database Conference 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands, 30 September 2019 - 2 October 2019

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