DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > MariaDB vs. MySQL vs. OmniSci vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. MySQL vs. OmniSci vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Widely used open source RDBMSA high performance, in-memory, column-oriented RDBMS, designed to run on GPUsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Document storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score90.92
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score1261.57
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score2.20
Rank#117  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Score536.77
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.mysql.comwww.omnisci.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydev.mysql.com/­docdocs.omnisci.comwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunMapD Technologies, Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release2009199520161989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release10.4.12, January 20208.0.21, 2020V412.3, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; enterprise edition availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
  • ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++C and C++C++ and CUDAC
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesnoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/Thrift
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes infoproprietary syntaxnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keyhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding infoRound robinpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replicationSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBMySQLOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018PostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more
Datadog: Improve MySQL performance by visualizing and identifying errors fast using granular, out-of-the-box dashboards.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more
Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

2ndQuadrant: Mission Critical Databases.
» more

CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MariaDBMySQLOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018PostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
Online Training Courses, 4 May 2020 - 11 December 2020

Recent citations in the news

MariaDB announces Platform X5, a comprehensive open source database solution
20 July 2020, Help Net Security

MariaDB Platform X5 Adds New Distributed SQL
16 July 2020, Yahoo Finance

Distributed SQL database capabilities come to MariaDB X5
16 July 2020, TechTarget

Global Relational Database Management System Market 2020 Growth Analysis | Oracle Corporation, MariaDB, Teradata Corporation
14 August 2020, Red & Black Student Newspaper

When should I use Amazon RDS vs. Aurora Serverless?
13 August 2020, TechTarget

provided by Google News

ScaleFlux computational storage makes Percona MySQL faster
5 August 2020, Blocks and Files

Best data management course deal: 95% off MySQL bootcamp (UK deal)
1 August 2020, Mashable

NoSQL Market to Witness Huge Growth by 2026 | Microsoft SQL Server, MySQL, MongoDB
10 August 2020, The Daily Chronicle

Impact of COVID-19 Outbreak on MySQL Training Service Market is to Witness Significant Growth between 2020-2026 with leading players – Oracle, Udemy, Pluralsight, Infopro Learning
29 July 2020, NJ MMA News

PYTHON PACKAGE SOFTWARE MARKET 2020 DEALS: SPYDER, MYSQL, CELERY, EDITRA, PY2EXE, PYAUDIO, WUNDERWEATHER, RED BOT, CX_FREEZE, GUNICORN – The Daily Chronicle
31 July 2020, The Daily Chronicle

provided by Google News

GPU Database Market Statistics and Research Analysis Released in Latest Industry Report 2020 | COVID19 Impact Analysis With Top Manufacturers Analysis: Kinetica, Omnisci, Sqream, Neo4j, Nvidia, etc. | InForGrowth
15 August 2020, Bulletin Line

Global GPU Database Market 2020 Highlights The Impact of Covid-19 on Economies & Business Development: Kinetica, Omnisci, Sqream, Neo4j, Nvidia, Brytlyt
12 August 2020, Bulletin Line

Impact of Covid-19 Global GPU Database Market (2020 To 2027) | Kinetica, Omnisci, Sqream, Neo4j, Nvidia
5 August 2020, Owned

Global GPU Database Market 2020 Top Manufacturers Kinetica, Omnisci, Sqream, Neo4j, Nvidia, Brytlyt, Jedox, Blazegraph, Blazingdb, Zilliz, Heterodb
6 August 2020, Red & Black Student Newspaper

GPU Database Market Growth Strategies, Latest trends and Status 2020-2027 | Nvidia, Jedox, Blazegraph, Blazingdb, etc.
14 August 2020, Reports Watch

provided by Google News

Swarm64 and Command Prompt Partner to Expand Open Source PostgreSQL Support
10 August 2020, Database Trends and Applications

Migrating from SAP ASE to Amazon Aurora PostgreSQL
11 August 2020, idk.dev

Crunchy Certified PostgreSQL 12 Achieves In Evaluation Status for Common Criteria Certification
21 July 2020, PRNewswire

EDB Growth Accelerates With 65 Percent Increase in Subscription Revenue; 4300 Registrations for Postgres Vision
31 July 2020, Business Wire

Using logical replication to replicate managed Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL and Amazon Aurora to self-managed PostgreSQL
29 July 2020, idk.dev

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

MySQL/MariaDB Database Administrator
Medical Informatics Engineering, Fort Wayne, IN

WordPress Support Specialist
Yoko, Remote

Linux System Administrator
Insurance Technologies Corporation, Carrollton, TX

Linux System Administrator
Insurance Technologies Corporation (ITC), Dallas, TX

MongoDB-Lead
Wipro Limited, Bothell, WA

Loss Prevention Specialist Greater Richmond, VA Area
Amazon.com Services LLC, Chester, VA

Loss Prevention Specialist
Amazon.com Services LLC, Deltona, FL

Loss Prevention Specialist
Amazon.com Services LLC, Monee, IL

Loss Prevention Specialist
Amazon.com Services LLC, Auburndale, FL

Launch SDE, FC Launch
Amazon.com Services LLC, Remote

SVP, Product Management
Tru Optik Data Corp, Stamford, CT

Jr. QA Analyst Trainee
SQA², Los Alamitos, CA

IT Architect
University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS

Business Analyst II
Amazon.com Services LLC, Remote

Scala Engineer (all levels) - Remote
Axoni, New York, NY

PostgreSQL Database Administrator
Science System and Applications, Inc., Greenbelt, MD

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Present your product here