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DBMS > MariaDB vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Widely used open source RDBMSNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score113.89
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score1202.85
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.96
Rank#178  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Score103.12
Rank#13  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.mysql.comnuodb.comwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydev.mysql.com/­docdoc.nuodb.comdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunNuoDB, Inc.Snowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release2009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 1995199520132014
Current release10.8.3, May 20228.0.30, July 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial infolimited edition freecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC and C++C and C++C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes infoproprietary syntaxJava, SQLuser defined functions
Triggersyesyesyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDByes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infotunable commit protocolACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyesyes infoTemporary tableno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative UsersUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBMySQLNuoDBSnowflake
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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