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DBMS > MariaDB vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Widely used open source RDBMSNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score85.20
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score1223.63
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.94
Rank#148  Overall
#75  Relational DBMS
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.mysql.comwww.nuodb.com
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydev.mysql.com/­docdoc.nuodb.com
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunNuoDB, Inc.
Initial release200919952013
Current release10.3.15, May 20198.0.16, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial infolimited edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
Implementation languageC and C++C and C++C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes infoproprietary syntaxJava, SQL
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keyhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDB
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infotunable commit protocol
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyesyes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBMySQLNuoDB
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Horizontal scale-out, continuous availability, multi-tenant support, ANSI SQL compatible,...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
NuoDB is a scale-out SQL RDBMS based on a Durable Distributed Caching (DDC) architecture....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Operational / OLTP database workloads in data centers or public clouds
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Dassault Systemes, Santander, Temenos
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Fast growing commercial and enterprise customer base IDC Innovators: Dynamically...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsSubscription-based pricing with free community edition and commercial enterprise...
» more
News

NuoDB Operator and Database Deployment in Red Hat OpenShift 4 Using OperatorHub (Tech Blog)
13 June 2019

Meet the Amazing People Who Visited NuoDB at Red Hat Summit 2019 (Corporate Blog)
10 June 2019

The Various Flavors of Two-Phase Commits — Explained (Tech Blog)
14 May 2019

Simplify Your Database Deployment with NuoDB, OpenShift, and Operators (Corporate Blog)
8 May 2019

Learn How to Run Containerized Enterprise SQL Applications in the Cloud (Corporate Blog)
6 May 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more
General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

ScaleGrid: Fully managed MySQL-as-a-Service.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

SQLPro for MySQL: A simple but powerful MySQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
» more

Dremio is like magic for MySQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MariaDBMySQLNuoDB
DB-Engines blog posts

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

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Conferences and events

MariaDB OpenWorks 2020
New York City, USA, 4-6 May 2020

Recent citations in the news

MariaDB opens up on locked down Enterprise Server
11 June 2019, DevClass

MariaDB's Latest Update Promises Peace of Mind
11 June 2019, Database Trends and Applications

MariaDB Enterprise Server 10.4 Now Available, Pulumi Announces Pulumi Crosswalk for AWS, KDE Launches Plasma 5.16, IBM Announces Its List of Women Pioneers for AI in Business and Microway Provides Clemson University with an NVIDIA DGX-2 Supercomputer
11 June 2019, Linux Journal

MariaDB announces the release of MariaDB Enterprise Server 10.4
12 June 2019, Packt Hub

MariaDB 10.4 Reaches Release Candidate Status
18 June 2019, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

Hackers are scanning for MySQL servers to deploy GandCrab ransomware
24 May 2019, ZDNet

Directed attacks against MySQL servers deliver ransomware
24 May 2019, Naked Security

28 May 2019 News GandCrab Campaign Attacks MySQL Servers
28 May 2019, Infosecurity Magazine

Udemy Will Make You An Expert In MySQL For Just $10
5 June 2019, ExtremeTech

ScaleGrid DBaaS Expands MySQL Hosting Services Through AWS Cloud
6 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

NuoDB Re-Defines the SQL Database, Launches Container-Native Features & Availability for Red Hat OpenShift Container Platform
11 October 2018, GlobeNewswire

Cambridge Database Company NuoDB Raises $30M
31 December 2018, American Inno

NuoDB Operator achieves Red Hat OpenShift Operator Certification, Available in the OpenShift 4 Integrated OperatorHub Marketplace
8 May 2019, GlobeNewswire

IBM's Red Hat Deal, NuoDB Operator Now Has Red Hat OpenShift Operator Certification, Krita 4.2.0 Alpha Released, Elive 3.0 Update, UBports Announces Ubuntu Touch OTA-9 and Fedora Kernel 5.1 Test Week Starts Monday
9 May 2019, Linux Journal

Temenos takes minority stake in NuoDB
20 November 2018, Finextra

provided by Google News

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