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DBMS > MariaDB vs. MongoDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. MongoDB vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.One of the most popular document storesWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Key-value store
Key-value storeDocument store
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score78.82
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score387.18
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score466.11
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.mongodb.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.mongodb.com/­manualwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
MongoDB, IncPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release200920091989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release10.3.12, January 20194.0.5, December 201811.1, November 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a ServiceAzure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++C++C
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol using JSONnative C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go infoinofficial driver
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3JavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keyShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replicationMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes infooptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBMongoDBPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
MongoDB is the next-generation database that helps businesses transform their industries...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
By offering the best of traditional databases as well as the flexibility, scale,...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Internet of Things (Bosch, Silver Spring Networks) Mobile (The Weather Channel, ADP,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Barclays, BBVA, Bond, Bosch, Cisco, CERN, City...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
40 million downloads (growing at 30 thousand downloads per day). 6,600+ customers....
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Free Software Foundation’s GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
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Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
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ScaleGrid: Deploy, monitor, backup and scale MongoDB in the cloud with the #1 Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) platform.
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Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
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Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Progress DataDirect: Data connectivity across standard SQL and REST
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2ndQuadrant: The team of diligent PostgreSQL experts.
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Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
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Progress DataDirect: Data connectivity across standard SQL and REST
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MariaDBMongoDBPostgreSQL
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Conferences and events

MariaDB OpenWorks 2019
New York City, USA, 25-27 February 2019

PGCon 2019, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Ottawa, Canada, 28-31 May 2019

Recent citations in the news

MariaDB merges transactional, analytical databases and debuts first managed service
16 January 2019, SiliconANGLE News

How to work with Azure's managed MariaDB
15 January 2019, InfoWorld

Containers and Agility, How MariaDB can Pair with Docker or Kubernetes
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Support for MariaDB 10.4 in Upgraded dbForge Studio for MySQL, v.8.1 and dbForge Tools for MySQL
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MongoDB "open-source" Server Side Public License rejected
16 January 2019, ZDNet

Red Hat gets heebie-jeebies over MongoDB's T&Cs squeeze: NoSQL database dropped from RHEL 8B over license
17 January 2019, The Register

Fedora, a Red Hat sponsored project, rejects MongoDB because of SSPL
18 January 2019, Business Insider

MongoDB’s licensing changes led Red Hat to drop the database from the latest version of its server OS
16 January 2019, GeekWire

provided by Google News

The Guardian's Migration from MongoDB to PostgreSQL on Amazon RDS
9 January 2019, InfoQ.com

PostgreSQL wins ‘DBMS of the year’ 2018 beating MongoDB and Redis in DB-Engines Ranking
9 January 2019, Packt Hub

The Enduring Influence Of Postgres
18 January 2019, iProgrammer

Top 10 Enterprise Database Systems of 2017
18 January 2019, Server Watch

Support for PostgreSQL 11 in dotConnect for PostgreSQL, LinqConnect, SSIS Components, and Entity Developer by Devart
16 January 2019, PR.com

provided by Google News

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