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DBMS > MariaDB vs. MongoDB vs. Oracle NoSQL

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. MongoDB vs. Oracle NoSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureKey-value store based on Berkeley DB Java Edition
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score86.77
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score412.09
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score3.39
Rank#78  Overall
#12  Key-value stores
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.mongodb.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­nosql/­index.html
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­NOSQL/­index.html
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
MongoDB, IncOracle
Initial release200920092011
Current release10.4.8, September 20194.2, August 201918.3, November 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache V2 for Community Edition, proprietary license for Enterprise Edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database on-demand and ready for use in minutes. Available on AWS, Azure, and GCP.
Implementation languageC and C++C++Java
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.optional, scheme definition possible with AVRO or in 'table-style'
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BISQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol using JSONRESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3JavaScriptno
Triggersyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keySharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replicationElectable Master-Slave per shard
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyeswith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes infooptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes infooff heap cache
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBMongoDBOracle NoSQL
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is a scalable , distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
The MongoDB Data Platform can be used by developers building OLTP and analytical...
» more
Data can be modeled as relational-database-style tables, JSON documents, RDF Triples...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Internet of Things where large volume of data needs to be stored and processed very...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Large credit card company Airbus NTT Docomo Global rewards company
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
70 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day). 15,000+...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is used by hundreds of companies around the world. Oracle NoSQL...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database Enterprise Edition can be purchased under the Oracle Commercial...
» more
Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more
DBHawk: Powerful web-based MongoDB GUI. Connect securely to on-premise MongoDB or MongoDB on the Cloud, Atlas or mLab.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more

ScaleGrid: Deploy, monitor, backup and scale MongoDB in the cloud with the #1 Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) platform.
» more

Knowi: Build MongoDB Reports and Data Visualizations in Minutes with Native Integration
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MariaDBMongoDBOracle NoSQL
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Conferences and events

MariaDB OpenWorks 2020
New York City, USA, 4-6 May 2020

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