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DBMS > MariaDB vs. MongoDB vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. MongoDB vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score94.45
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score462.39
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1254.83
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.mongodb.comwww.mysql.com
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.mongodb.com/­manualdev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
MongoDB, IncOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release200920091995
Current release10.5.9 , February 20214.4.4 , February 20218.0.23 , January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • MongoDB Atlas: the global and fully-managed cloud database service from the makers of MongoDB. Deploy across AWS, Azure, or GCP.
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Implementation languageC and C++C++C and C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
proprietary protocol using JSONADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3JavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesseveral options for horizontal partitioning and ShardingSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keyshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes infooptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBMongoDBMySQL
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
125 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day), over...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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