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DBMS > MariaDB vs. MongoDB vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. MongoDB vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.One of the most popular document storesWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Key-value store
Key-value storeDocument store
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score64.56
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score341.41
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1226.40
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.mongodb.comwww.mysql.com
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.mongodb.com/­manualdev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
MongoDB, IncOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release200920091995
Current release10.2.14, March 20183.6.4, April 20188.0.11, April 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings infoDatabase as a Service, sponsored linksGoogle Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
Implementation languageC and C++C++C and C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structureyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_idyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol using JSONADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go infoinofficial driver
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infopropriatary syntaxJavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keyShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replicationMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes infooptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationAccess rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBMongoDBMySQL
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
MongoDB is the next-generation database that helps businesses transform their industries...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
By offering the best of traditional databases as well as the flexibility, scale,...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Internet of Things (Bosch, Silver Spring Networks) Mobile (The Weather Channel, ADP,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
ADP, Adobe, AstraZeneca, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN, Department of Veteran Affairs,...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
20 million downloads (growing at thousands downloads per day). 2,000+ customers including...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Free Software Foundation’s GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

3rd party products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more
Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Progress DataDirect: Data connectivity across standard SQL and REST
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

DBHawk: Powerful web-based MongoDB GUI. Connect securely to on-premise MongoDB or MongoDB on the Cloud, Atlas or mLab.
» more

Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more

ScaleGrid: Deploy, monitor, backup and scale MongoDB in the cloud with the #1 Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) platform.
» more
MONYOG: Monitor standard & hosted MySQL database servers.
» more

Progress DataDirect: Data connectivity across standard SQL and REST
» more

Dremio is like magic for MySQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Alibaba Cloud - ApsaraDB for RDS: On-demand Database Hosting Service for MySQL, SQL Server and PostgreSQL.
» more

We invite representatives of 3rd party vendors to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MariaDBMongoDBMySQL
DB-Engines blog posts

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

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PostgreSQL moves up one rank at the expense of MongoDB
1 September 2016, Paul Andlinger

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Winners, losers and an attractive newcomer in Novembers DB-Engines ranking
2 November 2015, Paul Andlinger

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MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

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Conferences and events

MongoDB World 2018
New York, USA, 26-27 June 2018

Recent citations in the news

MariaDB acquires big analytics company MammothDB
27 March 2018, TechCrunch

MariaDB Bolsters Analytics Capabilities Through MammothDB Acquisition
27 March 2018, GlobeNewswire (press release)

MariaDB Expands Global Presence and Analytics Team with Acquisition
5 April 2018, Database Trends and Applications

MariaDB buys a Bulgarian Mammoth - Fudzilla
28 March 2018, Fudzilla

Take the Hassle Out of MySQL and MariaDB Documenting with All ...
21 April 2018, PR.com (press release)

provided by Google News

Why MongoDB Shares Rose 35% in March
13 April 2018, Motley Fool

MongoDB Could Move Lower When Lockup Expires
7 April 2018, Seeking Alpha

Why MongoDB Inc. Stock Popped Today
26 March 2018, Motley Fool

Genomics England uses MongoDB to Power the Data Science Behind the 100000 Genomes Project
10 April 2018, PR Newswire (press release)

MongoDB Inc. (MDB) Short Interest Update
22 April 2018, StockNewsTimes

provided by Google News

MySQL 8.0 now available
20 April 2018, SDTimes.com

Help Canonical Test GNOME Patches, Android Apps Illegally Tracking Kids, MySQL 8.0 Released and More
19 April 2018, Linux Journal

Database Administrator (MySQL)
3 April 2018, Built In Austin

Take the Hassle Out of MySQL and MariaDB Documenting with All-New dbForge Documenter for MySQL
21 April 2018, PR.com (press release)

Mysql selecting data from multiple table
19 April 2018, SitePoint

provided by Google News

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