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DBMS > MariaDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. MongoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Microsofts relational DBMSOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructure
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Document store
Graph DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score86.77
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score1094.72
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score412.09
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.mongodb.com
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
MicrosoftMongoDB, Inc
Initial release200919892009
Current release10.4.8, September 2019SQL Server 2017, October 20174.2, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database on-demand and ready for use in minutes. Available on AWS, Azure, and GCP.
Implementation languageC and C++C++C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BI
APIs and other access methodsProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJavaScript
Triggersyesyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keytables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes infooptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBMicrosoft SQL ServerMongoDB
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
The MongoDB Data Platform can be used by developers building OLTP and analytical...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
70 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day). 15,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
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Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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DBHawk is a web-based data management Tool for a SQL Server database.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
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SQLPro for MSSQL: A simple but powerful Microsoft SQL Server database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
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ERBuilder provides all the features you would expect from a professional database modeling and design tool.
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Dremio is like magic for SQL Server accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
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Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
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Knowi: Build MongoDB Reports and Data Visualizations in Minutes with Native Integration
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Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
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DBHawk: Powerful web-based MongoDB GUI. Connect securely to on-premise MongoDB or MongoDB on the Cloud, Atlas or mLab.
» more

ScaleGrid: Deploy, monitor, backup and scale MongoDB in the cloud with the #1 Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) platform.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MariaDBMicrosoft SQL ServerMongoDB
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Conferences and events

MariaDB OpenWorks 2020
New York City, USA, 4-6 May 2020

PASS Summit 2019
Seattle, Washington, USA, 5-8 November 2019

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