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DBMS > MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. NuoDB

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. NuoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score84.44
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score29.08
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.96
Rank#149  Overall
#74  Relational DBMS
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
azure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.nuodb.com
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbdoc.nuodb.com
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
MicrosoftNuoDB, Inc.
Initial release200920142013
Current release10.4.6, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercialcommercial infolimited edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hostedhosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3JavaScriptJava, SQL
TriggersyesJavaScriptyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keySharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicedata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDB
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID infotunable commit protocol
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNuoDB
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Azure Cosmos DB is Microsoft™s globally-distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model...
» more
Horizontal scale-out, continuous availability, multi-tenant support, ANSI SQL compatible,...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Global distribution Easily build globally-distributed applications without the hassle...
» more
NuoDB is a scale-out SQL RDBMS based on a Durable Distributed Caching (DDC) architecture....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Azure Cosmos DB enables writing globally distributed applications and allows you...
» more
Operational / OLTP database workloads in data centers or public clouds
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Jet.com, Asos, Real Madrid, Orange Tribes, MSN, Telenor, NextGames, Schneider Electric,...
» more
Dassault Systemes, Santander, Temenos
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Gartner Research positions Microsoft as the leader in the Magic Quadrant Operational...
» more
Fast growing commercial and enterprise customer base IDC Innovators: Dynamically...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsWith Azure Cosmos DB, pay only for the storage you use and the throughput you provision...
» more
Subscription-based pricing with free community edition and commercial enterprise...
» more
News

Why Are Distributed Databases Perfect for Financial Services? (Corporate Blog)
11 July 2019

How Distributed SQL Powers Your Enterprise Digital Transformation (Corporate Blog)
28 June 2019

What Does Core Banking Technology Mean Today? (Corporate Blog)
26 June 2019

NuoDB Operator and Database Deployment in Red Hat OpenShift 4 Using OperatorHub (Tech Blog)
13 June 2019

Meet the Amazing People Who Visited NuoDB at Red Hat Summit 2019 (Corporate Blog)
10 June 2019

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MariaDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNuoDB
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Conferences and events

MariaDB OpenWorks 2020
New York City, USA, 4-6 May 2020

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