DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceFully managed big data interactive analytics platform
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS infocolumn oriented
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMSDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score100.93
Rank#13  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score37.95
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score6.68
Rank#63  Overall
#35  Relational DBMS
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
azure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorer
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
MicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release2009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 199520142019
Current release10.9.4, November 2022cloud service with continuous releases
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC and C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hostedhosted
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-freeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultall fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query languageKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subset
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3JavaScriptYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, R
TriggersyesJavaScriptyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicy
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesseveral options for horizontal partitioning and ShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*Spark connector (open source): github.com/­Azure/­azure-kusto-spark
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAzure Active Directory Authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Azure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Kusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
IoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Microsoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Azure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAn Azure Data Explorer cluster is a pair of engine and data management clusters which...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MariaDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer
DB-Engines blog posts

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

How to Install and Set Up MariaDB on Ubuntu 22.04 - MUO
21 November 2022, MakeUseOf

Certified Power Solutions Prepares to Plow Through Snowstorms with MariaDB SkySQL Cloud Database
15 November 2022, Business Wire

mariadb vs. MySQL
12 September 2022, Database Journal

10 Best SQL Editor Tools in the Market
18 November 2022, Built In

MariaDB, Qlik team up to encourage migration from older databases
9 September 2022, SiliconANGLE News

provided by Google News

Alert! Critical Vulnerability in Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB
3 November 2022, Data Center Knowledge

Researchers Disclose Details of Critical 'CosMiss' RCE Flaw Affecting Azure Cosmos DB
1 November 2022, The Hacker News

Azure CosmosDB for PostgreSQL Reaches General Availability
2 November 2022, iProgrammer

Microsoft Introduces Azure Cosmos DB for PostgreSQL
16 October 2022, InfoQ.com

Microsoft Announces PostgreSQL Option for Cosmos DB
12 October 2022, thenewstack.io

provided by Google News

Kusto Query Language primer for IT administrators
2 November 2022, TechTarget

Azure Data Explorer Supports Native Ingestion from Amazon S3
7 September 2022, InfoQ.com

Uptake Fusion to Support Microsoft Azure Data Explorer
1 March 2022, PR Newswire

Dremio pushes further into data warehouse land – Blocks and Files
28 November 2022, Blocks and Files

Azure Stream Analytics No Code Editor Now Available
1 November 2022, CDOTrends

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

First Line Cloud Infrastructure
smartTrade, New York, NY

System Administrator
Sapiens Software, Remote

Entry Level JAVA Developer
A. Duie Pyle, Inc, West Chester, PA

Application Developer I
NFI Industries, Camden, NJ

Software Engineer II, Platform Catalog
Wayfair, Austin, TX

Senior Python Developer
Virtualan Software LLC, Remote

Remote Senior Azure DevOps Engineer
First American Financial Corporation, Palm Coast, FL

MS Azure Sr. Developer or Architect
Wintrio, Austin, TX

Data Engineer
Hudson IT Consultancy Ltd, Remote

Software Engineer II - Mobile iOS
Alaska Airlines, Remote

Azure Data Engineer- (remote)
Cognizant, Alpharetta, GA

Azure Data Engineer
DHL eCommerce, Remote

Azure Data Engineer- (remote)
Cognizant, Saint Paul, MN

Senior Program Manager
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

Senior Investigator
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Present your product here