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DBMS > Lovefield vs. OrientDB vs. RDF4J vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Lovefield vs. OrientDB vs. RDF4J vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)RDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
RDF storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.23
Rank#283  Overall
#133  Relational DBMS
Score5.14
Rank#79  Overall
#14  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score0.73
Rank#204  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score134.73
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitegoogle.github.io/­lovefieldorientdb.orgrdf4j.orgwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mdwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlrdf4j.org/­documentationwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperGoogleOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Dwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release2014201020042000
Current release2.1.12, February 20173.1.9, February 20213.38.4  (4 May 2022), May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.Open Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptJavaJavaC
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafariAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
server-less
Data schemeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infoRDF Schemasyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternSQL-like query language, no joinsnoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsTinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesJavaScript.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava, Javascriptyesno
TriggersUsing read-only observersHooksyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replicationnonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesnono
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes inforelationship in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infousing MemoryDByes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurablenono

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More resources
LovefieldOrientDBRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSQLite
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