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DBMS > Lovefield vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. MongoDB vs. Stardog vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison Lovefield vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. MongoDB vs. Stardog vs. Trafodion

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.23
Rank#258  Overall
#118  Relational DBMS
Score47.78
Rank#23  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score437.08
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1.15
Rank#145  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score0.42
Rank#224  Overall
#106  Relational DBMS
Websitegoogle.github.io/­lovefieldazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.mongodb.comwww.stardog.comtrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mddocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databasedocs.mongodb.com/­manualwww.stardog.com/­docstrafodion.apache.org
DeveloperGoogleMicrosoftMongoDB, IncStardog-UnionApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release20142010200920102014
Current release2.1.12, February 2017V124.2.7, May 20207.3.0, May 20202.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.commercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database on-demand and ready for use in minutes. Available on AWS, Azure, and GCP.
Implementation languageJavaScriptC++C++JavaC++, Java
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafarihostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternyesRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serveryes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol using JSONGraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJavaScript.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQLJavaScriptuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in JavaJava Stored Procedures
TriggersUsing read-only observersyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infovia event handlersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyes, with always 3 replicas availableMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replication in HA-Clusteryes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesnoyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyesyes infooptionalyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infousing MemoryDByes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
LovefieldMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureMongoDBStardogTrafodion
Specific characteristicsMongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB Data Platform can be used by developers building OLTP and analytical...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metrics70 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day). 15,000+...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
LovefieldMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureMongoDBStardogTrafodion
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