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DBMS > LokiJS vs. PostgreSQL vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison LokiJS vs. PostgreSQL vs. PouchDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionIn-memory JavaScript DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLJavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Document store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.38
Rank#225  Overall
#33  Document stores
Score507.19
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score2.97
Rank#88  Overall
#16  Document stores
Websitegithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSwww.postgresql.orgpouchdb.com
Technical documentationtechfort.github.io/­LokiJSwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualspouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerApache Software Foundation
Initial release20141989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2012
Current release12.1, November 20197.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen SourceOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaScriptCJavaScript
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languagesJavaScript.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.View functions in JavaScript
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-master replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Master-slave replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
LokiJSPostgreSQLPouchDB
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Conferences and events

PGCon 2020, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Ottawa, Canada, 26-29 May 2020

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