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DBMS > LokiJS vs. Neo4j vs. OmniSci vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison LokiJS vs. Neo4j vs. OmniSci vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionIn-memory JavaScript DBMSOpen source graph databaseA high performance, in-memory, column-oriented RDBMS, designed to run on GPUsVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.38
Rank#225  Overall
#33  Document stores
Score51.66
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.30
Rank#105  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score2.65
Rank#96  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#47  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#11  Search engines
Websitegithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSneo4j.comwww.omnisci.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationtechfort.github.io/­LokiJSneo4j.com/­docsdocs.omnisci.com/­latestdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.MapD Technologies, Inc.OpenLink Software
Initial release2014200720161998
Current release3.5.8, July 2019V48.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; enterprise edition availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptJava, ScalaC++ and CUDAC
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucenenoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesJavaScript.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/Thrift
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnoyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyesyes infovia event handlernoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding infoRound robinyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replicationChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
LokiJSNeo4jOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018Virtuoso
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Discovering the Soul of a Product, UK Singles Chart Graph, Building Real-Time UIs with Kafka and Vue.js
18 January 2020

Creating Aha Moments for Developers: The 5-Minute Interview with Jennifer Reif, Developer Relations Engineer at Neo4j
17 January 2020

Graphs to Fight Diabetes
15 January 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Analyzing .NET Dependencies, Coloring a Sudoku Graph, Christmas Messages Graph, Making Graph Algorithms ‘Clique’
11 January 2020

#GraphCast: How-To Video Series
10 January 2020

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
LokiJSNeo4jOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018Virtuoso
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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

LokiJS 1.4 Release Brings Performance Improvement, NativeScript Adapter
12 July 2016, InfoQ.com

Fast, Lightweight Data Storage for Cordova Apps with LokiJS
26 January 2016, SitePoint

LokiJS - A JavaScript Database
18 November 2014, iProgrammer

NativeScript 6 Goes Webpack All The Way
22 July 2019, iProgrammer

LinkedIn open-sources URL-Detector Java library, LokiJS 1.4, and Bulgaria's new open-source law—SD Times news digest: July 5, 2016
5 July 2016, SDTimes.com

provided by Google News

Neo4j the graph database
14 January 2020, App Developer Magazine

Neo4j introduces new cloud service to simplify building a graph database
6 November 2019, TechCrunch

Graph Databases Software Market (2020 To 2027) Global Industry Analysis with Top Players Neo4j, ArangoDB, Amazon Neptune, OrientDB – Dagoretti News
21 January 2020, Dagoretti News

Global Graph Database Market I Growing With Rapid Pace
21 January 2020, Expedition 99

Neo4j is the Graph Database of Choice for World's Top Financial Services Organizations
22 October 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Inside OmniSci's Plans for Data Analytics Convergence
23 October 2019, Datanami

OmniSci 'Hitting Its Stride,' CEO Says
25 October 2019, Datanami

Review: OmniSci GPU database lifts huge data sets
1 April 2019, InfoWorld

The insideBIGDATA IMPACT 50 List for Q1 2020
14 January 2020, insideBIGDATA

GPU Database Market 2020 to 2023 Booming Trends, Share, Growth Challenges, Key Players, Industry Segments & Competitors Analysis
3 January 2020, MENAFN.COM

provided by Google News

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