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DBMS > LokiJS vs. Milvus vs. Stardog vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison LokiJS vs. Milvus vs. Stardog vs. YugabyteDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionIn-memory JavaScript DBMSA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searchesEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire and feature compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelDocument storeSearch engineGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.57
Rank#228  Overall
#34  Document stores
Score0.37
Rank#259  Overall
#17  Search engines
Score1.88
Rank#128  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score2.68
Rank#112  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSmilvus.iowww.stardog.comwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationtechfort.github.io/­LokiJSmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.mddocs.stardog.comdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperStardog-UnionYugabyte Inc.
Initial release2014201920102017
Current release2.0, January 20227.3.0, May 20202.6, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Yugabyte Cloud is the fully managed database-as-a-service offering of YugabyteDB. Get started quickly, and effortlessly ensure continuous availability and limitless scale of your cloud native applications.
Implementation languageJavaScriptC++, GoJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Linux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoNumeric and Stringyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsnoyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serveryes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIRESTful HTTP APIGraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
YSQL - a fully relational SQL API that is wire compatible with the SQL language in PostgreSQL
Supported programming languagesJavaScriptC++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptnouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javayes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersyesnoyes infovia event handlersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnoneHash and Range Sharding, row-level geo-partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replication in HA-ClusterBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneBounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Immediate Consistency in HA-ClusterStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single collection possiblenoACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnonoAccess rights for users and rolesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
LokiJSMilvusStardogYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
YugabyteDB is an open source distributed SQL database for cloud native transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
PostgreSQL compatible: Get instantly productive with a PostgreSQL compatible RDBMS....
» more
Typical application scenariosVideo media : video understanding, video deduplication. E-commerce and mobile applications...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Supply chain optimization Operational Risk Digital...
» more
Systems of record and engagement for cloud native applications that require resilience,...
» more
Key customersMilvus is trusted by over 1,000 enterprises, including Baidu, eBay, IKEA, LINE, Shopee,...
» more
Bosch, NASA, Boehringer Ingelheim, Morgan Stanley, Schneider Electric, FINRA and...
» more
Market metricsAs of March 2022, 9.8k+ GitHub stars 1.4k+ Github forks 871k+ docker pulls 2k+ community...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
900,000+ lifetime clusters deployed 5.5K+ GitHub stars 4.3K+ YugabyteDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Managed...
» more
You can start for free! A fully-featured license is available for those testing Stardog:...
» more
Apache 2.0 license for the database
» more

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More resources
LokiJSMilvusStardogYugabyteDB
DB-Engines blog posts

New kids on the block: database management systems implemented in JavaScript
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