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DBMS > LokiJS vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. OmniSci vs. Stardog vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison LokiJS vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. OmniSci vs. Stardog vs. YugabyteDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionIn-memory JavaScript DBMSGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA high performance, column-oriented RDBMS, specifically developed to harness the massive parallelism of modern CPU and GPU hardwareEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire and feature compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSSpatial DBMSDocument store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.60
Rank#222  Overall
#33  Document stores
Score40.04
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1.27
Rank#153  Overall
#73  Relational DBMS
Score1.89
Rank#124  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score1.95
Rank#121  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbgithub.com/­omnisci/­omniscidb
www.omnisci.com
www.stardog.comwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationtechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.omnisci.comdocs.stardog.comdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperMicrosoftMapD Technologies, Inc.Stardog-UnionYugabyte Inc.
Initial release20142014201620102017
Current release5.10, January 20227.3.0, May 20202.6, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; enterprise edition availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Yugabyte Cloud is the fully managed database-as-a-service offering of YugabyteDB. Get started quickly, and effortlessly ensure continuous availability and limitless scale of your cloud native applications.
Implementation languageJavaScriptC++ and CUDAJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)hostedLinuxLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyes infoJSON typesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultnoyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serveryes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Vega
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
YSQL - a fully relational SQL API that is wire compatible with the SQL language in PostgreSQL
Supported programming languagesJavaScript.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/Thrift
Python
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptJavaScriptnouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javayes infosql, plpgsql, C
TriggersyesJavaScriptnoyes infovia event handlersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoRound robinnoneHash and Range Sharding, row-level geo-partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication in HA-ClusterBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionnoACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yesyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
LokiJSMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018StardogYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsOptimizes memory and compute layers to deliver unprecedented performance. Natively...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
YugabyteDB is an open source distributed SQL database for cloud native transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesOnly OmniSci allows users to visually and interactively discover high-value patterns,...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
PostgreSQL compatible: Get instantly productive with a PostgreSQL compatible RDBMS....
» more
Typical application scenariosSpatiotemporal and interactive visual analysis on massive, disparate datasets.
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Systems of record and engagement for cloud native applications that require resilience,...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
900,000+ lifetime clusters deployed 5.5K+ GitHub stars 4.3K+ YugabyteDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOmniSci Free (Free Forever), Foundations ($2k/month), and Enterprise Licensure (Inquire...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
Apache 2.0 license for the database
» more

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More resources
LokiJSMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018StardogYugabyteDB
DB-Engines blog posts

New kids on the block: database management systems implemented in JavaScript
1 December 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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LokiJS - A JavaScript Database
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