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DBMS > LokiJS vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison LokiJS vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionIn-memory JavaScript DBMSMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Microsofts relational DBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.32
Rank#233  Overall
#33  Document stores
Score130.07
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score1081.91
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitelokijs.orgproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accesswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationlokijs.org/­#/­docsmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentation
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release201419921989
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaScriptC++C++
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsLinux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIDAO
OLE DB
ADO.NET
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJavaScriptC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenoneyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
LokiJSMicrosoft AccessMicrosoft SQL Server
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Recent citations in the news

LokiJS 1.4 Release Brings Performance Improvement, NativeScript Adapter
12 July 2016, InfoQ.com

LokiJS - A JavaScript Database
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26 January 2016, SitePoint

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