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DBMS > LokiJS vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison LokiJS vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionIn-memory JavaScript DBMSMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.32
Rank#233  Overall
#33  Document stores
Score130.07
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score31.98
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitelokijs.orgproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accessazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationlokijs.org/­#/­docsmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release201419922014
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptC++
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLshosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesJavaScriptC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScript
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenoneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID infobut no files for transaction loggingMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlnono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
LokiJSMicrosoft AccessMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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Recent citations in the news

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