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DBMS > LokiJS vs. Lovefield vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Stardog vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison LokiJS vs. Lovefield vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Stardog vs. YugabyteDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionIn-memory JavaScript DBMSEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire and feature compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.60
Rank#222  Overall
#33  Document stores
Score0.27
Rank#275  Overall
#127  Relational DBMS
Score40.04
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1.89
Rank#124  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score1.95
Rank#121  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSgoogle.github.io/­lovefieldazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.stardog.comwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationtechfort.github.io/­LokiJSgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mddocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.stardog.comdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperGoogleMicrosoftStardog-UnionYugabyte Inc.
Initial release20142014201420102017
Current release2.1.12, February 20177.3.0, May 20202.6, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Yugabyte Cloud is the fully managed database-as-a-service offering of YugabyteDB. Get started quickly, and effortlessly ensure continuous availability and limitless scale of your cloud native applications.
Implementation languageJavaScriptJavaScriptJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafarihostedLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternSQL-like query languageYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serveryes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
YSQL - a fully relational SQL API that is wire compatible with the SQL language in PostgreSQL
Supported programming languagesJavaScriptJavaScript.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptnoJavaScriptuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javayes infosql, plpgsql, C
TriggersyesUsing read-only observersJavaScriptyes infovia event handlersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneHash and Range Sharding, row-level geo-partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenoneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication in HA-ClusterBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency in HA-ClusterStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infousing MemoryDByesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnonoAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess rights for users and rolesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
LokiJSLovefieldMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBStardogYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
YugabyteDB is an open source distributed SQL database for cloud native transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
PostgreSQL compatible: Get instantly productive with a PostgreSQL compatible RDBMS....
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Systems of record and engagement for cloud native applications that require resilience,...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
900,000+ lifetime clusters deployed 5.5K+ GitHub stars 4.3K+ YugabyteDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
Apache 2.0 license for the database
» more

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More resources
LokiJSLovefieldMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBStardogYugabyteDB
DB-Engines blog posts

New kids on the block: database management systems implemented in JavaScript
1 December 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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