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DBMS > LevelDB vs. RavenDB vs. RDF4J vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison LevelDB vs. RavenDB vs. RDF4J vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document DatabaseRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelKey-value storeDocument storeRDF storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsGraph DBMS infoexperimentalDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.86
Rank#89  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
Score3.45
Rank#81  Overall
#14  Document stores
Score0.39
Rank#220  Overall
#10  RDF stores
Score1.57
Rank#126  Overall
#62  Relational DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­google/­leveldbravendb.netrdf4j.orgpingcap.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdravendb.net/­docsdocs.rdf4j.orgpingcap.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogleHibernating RhinosSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2011201020042016
Current release1.22, May 20194.2, May 20193.0.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C#JavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemsIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenonoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language (RQL)noyes
APIs and other access methodsC++ API
Go
Java infoThird party binding
Node.js infoThird party binding
Python infoThird party binding
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC++
Go
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Java
PHP
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyesno
Triggersnoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-master replicationnoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linqnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID, Cluster-wide transaction availableACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith automatic compression on writesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess control on document level using the Authorization BundlenoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
LevelDBRavenDBRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open source distributed scalable hybrid transactional and analytical processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersBank of Beijing (Banking) Mobike (Ridesharing) Toutiao (Media) Ele.me (Catering)...
» more
Market metricsInfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 15000+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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More resources
LevelDBRavenDBRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameTiDB
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