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DBMS > LevelDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison LevelDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesWidely used in-process key-value storeWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelKey-value storeKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.19
Rank#114  Overall
#19  Key-value stores
Score1.90
Rank#127  Overall
#22  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Score109.95
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­google/­leveldbwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­berkeleydb.htmlwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­main/­doc/­index.mddocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperGoogleOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release201119942000
Current release1.23, February 202118.1.40, May 20203.46.0  (23 May 2024), May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)C
Server operating systemsIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
server-less
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenonoyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesC++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonono
Triggersnoyes infoonly for the SQL APIyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneSource-replica replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith automatic compression on writesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnonono

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More resources
LevelDBOracle Berkeley DBSQLite
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