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DBMS > LevelDB vs. Oracle vs. RavenDB vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison LevelDB vs. Oracle vs. RavenDB vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesWidely used RDBMSOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document DatabaseRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSDocument storeRDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Graph DBMS infoexperimental
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.86
Rank#89  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
Score1346.68
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score3.45
Rank#81  Overall
#14  Document stores
Score0.39
Rank#220  Overall
#10  RDF stores
Websitegithub.com/­google/­leveldbwww.oracle.com/­databaseravendb.netrdf4j.org
Technical documentationgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mddocs.oracle.com/­en/­databaseravendb.net/­docsdocs.rdf4j.org
DeveloperGoogleOracleHibernating RhinosSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release2011198020102004
Current release1.22, May 201919c, February 20194.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C and C++C#Java
Server operating systemsIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language (RQL)no
APIs and other access methodsC++ API
Go
Java infoThird party binding
Node.js infoThird party binding
Python infoThird party binding
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesC++
Go
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleyesyes
Triggersnoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle PartitioningShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Multi-master replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linqno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID, Cluster-wide transaction availableACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith automatic compression on writesyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess control on document level using the Authorization Bundleno
More information provided by the system vendor
LevelDBOracleRavenDBRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
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Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
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More resources
LevelDBOracleRavenDBRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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