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DBMS > LevelDB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison LevelDB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. TypeDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsTypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query language
Primary database modelKey-value storeWide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.05
Rank#103  Overall
#19  Key-value stores
Score5.69
Rank#69  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score954.29
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score5.77
Rank#68  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Score0.80
Rank#196  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#96  Relational DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­google/­leveldbazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tableswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlvaticle.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mddocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywheredocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperGoogleMicrosoftMicrosoftSAP infoformerly SybaseVaticle (formerly Grakn Labs)
Initial release20112012198919922016
Current release1.23, February 2021SQL Server 2019, November 201917, July 20152.5, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++Java
Server operating systemsIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyesno
Secondary indexesnonoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesyesno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
Supported programming languagesC++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perlno
Triggersnonoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnoneSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroringMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyesno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanooptimistic lockingACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith automatic compression on writesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
LevelDBMicrosoft Azure Table StorageMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsMeet TypeDB (and TypeQL ) TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical...
» more
Competitive advantagesEntity-Relationship Model TypeDB allows you to model your domain using the well-known...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

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More resources
LevelDBMicrosoft Azure Table StorageMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
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