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DBMS > dBASE vs. LevelDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison dBASE vs. LevelDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NamedBASE  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptiondBase was one of the first databases with a development environment on PC's. Its latest version dBase V is still sold as dBase classic, which needs a DOS Emulation. The up-to-date product is dBase plus.Embeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)A MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score13.50
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score2.80
Rank#87  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
Score121.92
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score0.07
Rank#299  Overall
#40  Document stores
Websitewww.dbase.comgithub.com/­google/­leveldbproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accesswww.torodb.com
Technical documentationwww.dbase.com/­support/­knowledgebasegithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperAsthon TateGoogleMicrosoft8Kdata
Initial release1979201119922016
Current releasedBASE PLUS 11, December 20161.22, May 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++Java
Server operating systemsDOS infodBase Classic
Windows infodBase Pro
Illumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methodsnone infoThe IDE can access other DBMS or ODBC-sources.ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesdBase proprietary IDEC++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresno infoThe IDE can access stored procedures in other database systems.noyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersnonoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenonenoneMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infonot for dBase internal data, but IDE does support transactions when accessing external DBMSnoACID infobut no files for transaction loggingno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesnono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights for users and roles

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More resources
dBASELevelDBMicrosoft AccessToroDB
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