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DBMS > LevelDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. ToroDB vs. XAP

System Properties Comparison LevelDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. ToroDB vs. XAP

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparisonXAP  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)A MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQLHigh performant in-memory data grid for mission critical applications. Insight Edge from the same company extends XAP for AI/ML support, BI and other interfaces
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSDocument storeDocument store
Key-value store infoValues are user defined objects
Secondary database modelsObject oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.80
Rank#87  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
Score121.92
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score0.07
Rank#299  Overall
#40  Document stores
Score0.79
Rank#167  Overall
#25  Document stores
#29  Key-value stores
Websitegithub.com/­google/­leveldbproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accesswww.torodb.comwww.gigaspaces.com/­products/­xap
Technical documentationgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docsdocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.html
DeveloperGoogleMicrosoft8KdataGigaspaces Technologies
Initial release2011199220162000
Current release1.22, May 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 201914.5.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoAGPL-V3Open Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++JavaJava, C++, .Net
Server operating systemsIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsAll OS with a Java 7 VMLinux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_idyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoXML can be used for describing objects metadata
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query language and DML statements
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Supported programming languagesC++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes
Triggersnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-enginenoyes infoEvent Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneShardingSharding infoHash based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenoneMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Master-slave replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executors
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANY
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infobut no files for transaction loggingnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlnono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights for users and rolesRole-based access control

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More resources
LevelDBMicrosoft AccessToroDBXAP
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