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DBMS > LevelDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. Spark SQL vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison LevelDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. Spark SQL vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Spark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.80
Rank#87  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
Score121.92
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score16.93
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Score0.07
Rank#299  Overall
#40  Document stores
Websitegithub.com/­google/­leveldbproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accessspark.apache.org/­sqlwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmlwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperGoogleMicrosoftApache Software Foundation8Kdata
Initial release2011199220142016
Current release1.22, May 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20192.4.5, February 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++ScalaJava
Server operating systemsIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
Triggersnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-enginenono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneyes, utilizing Spark CoreSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenonenoneMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infobut no files for transaction loggingnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlnono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003noAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
LevelDBMicrosoft AccessSpark SQLToroDB
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