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DBMS > LevelDB vs. MariaDB vs. RavenDB vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison LevelDB vs. MariaDB vs. RavenDB vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Open Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document DatabaseRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSDocument storeRDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Graph DBMS infoexperimental
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.86
Rank#89  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
Score87.45
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score3.45
Rank#81  Overall
#14  Document stores
Score0.39
Rank#220  Overall
#10  RDF stores
Websitegithub.com/­google/­leveldbmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
ravendb.netrdf4j.org
Technical documentationgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­libraryravendb.net/­docsdocs.rdf4j.org
DeveloperGoogleMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Hibernating RhinosSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release2011200920102004
Current release1.22, May 201910.4.11, December 20194.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
Implementation languageC++C and C++C#Java
Server operating systemsIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language (RQL)no
APIs and other access methodsC++ API
Go
Java infoThird party binding
Node.js infoThird party binding
Python infoThird party binding
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesC++
Go
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yesyes
Triggersnoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keyShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
Multi-master replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linqno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID, Cluster-wide transaction availableACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess control on document level using the Authorization Bundleno
More information provided by the system vendor
LevelDBMariaDBRavenDBRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
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Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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More resources
LevelDBMariaDBRavenDBRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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