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DBMS > LevelDB vs. MariaDB vs. Postgres-XL vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison LevelDB vs. MariaDB vs. Postgres-XL vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Based on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.00
Rank#97  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
Score97.98
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score0.59
Rank#225  Overall
#110  Relational DBMS
Score3.14
Rank#93  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­google/­leveldbmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.postgres-xl.orgwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarywww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperGoogleMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Timescale
Initial release201120092014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB2017
Current release1.23 , February 202110.6.3, July 202110 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC++C and C++CC
Server operating systemsIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3user defined functionsuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersnoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardinghorizontal partitioningyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage enginenono
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
LevelDBMariaDBPostgres-XLTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Timescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
DevOps and Infrastructure Monitoring All monitoring data is time-series data. Efficiently...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
TransferWise, Maersk, AppDynamics, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco,...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
With over 9,000 GitHub stars and growing, 600,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTimescaleDB comes in 3 versions, including fully managed Cloud-hosted solutions*,...
» more

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3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
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ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
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More resources
LevelDBMariaDBPostgres-XLTimescaleDB
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