DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > LevelDB vs. MariaDB vs. NuoDB vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison LevelDB vs. MariaDB vs. NuoDB vs. Snowflake

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.NuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.33
Rank#101  Overall
#18  Key-value stores
Score113.89
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score0.96
Rank#178  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Score103.12
Rank#13  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­google/­leveldbmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
nuodb.comwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydoc.nuodb.comdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperGoogleMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
NuoDB, Inc.Snowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release20112009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 199520132014
Current release1.23, February 202110.8.3, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial infolimited edition freecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC++C and C++C++
Server operating systemsIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnoyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3Java, SQLuser defined functions
Triggersnoyesyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDByes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infotunable commit protocolACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infoTemporary tableno
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative UsersUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
LevelDBMariaDBNuoDBSnowflake
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
LevelDBMariaDBNuoDBSnowflake
DB-Engines blog posts

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Meet some database management systems you are likely to hear more about in the future
4 August 2014, Paul Andlinger

show all

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

SK hynix and Los Alamos Labs to demo key-value store accelerating SSD
1 August 2022, The Register

AI and Blockchain Technology: What Is the Future?
28 April 2022, Coin Rivet

Neo SPCC benchmarks NeoGo's measures for managing blockchain node state size
1 June 2022, NEO News Today

Threat Thursday: BlackGuard Infostealer Rises from Russian Underground Markets
21 April 2022, BlackBerry Blog

Malicious Roblox Cookie and Discord Token Stealers Hit PyPI Repository
2 February 2022, Security Boulevard

provided by Google News

MariaDB evolves data storage solutions for easier scaling on demand
14 July 2022, SiliconANGLE News

MariaDB Drafts Top Financial Talent Ahead of Becoming a Public Company
19 July 2022, businesswire.com

CFOs On the Move: Week Ending July 22
22 July 2022, CFO.com

Open source database company MariaDB confirms plans to go public
1 February 2022, VentureBeat

Database and DBaaS: Market 2022 Is Booming Worldwide | MariaDB, Teradata, Redis Labs, SAP
21 July 2022, This Is Ardee

provided by Google News

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB, a Cloud-Native Distributed SQL Database Leader
25 November 2020, Business Wire

NuoDB 4.0 improves cloud-native database capabilities
31 July 2019, TechTarget

Exploring the Architecture of the NuoDB Database, Part 1
12 July 2013, InfoQ.com

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB
3 December 2020, ARC Advisory Group

Exploring the Architecture of the NuoDB Database, Part 2
17 July 2013, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Snowflake and Databricks Are Building Streaming Data Pipelines
5 August 2022, Business Insider

Review: Snowflake aces Python machine learning
3 August 2022, InfoWorld

Data chess game: Databricks vs. Snowflake, part 1
25 July 2022, VentureBeat

Census Achieves Premier Partner Status with Snowflake
4 August 2022, Datanami

Snowflake data principal: the birth of the 'new' CDO
26 July 2022, IDG Connect

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Storage Software Engineer/Researcher, Infrastructure System Lab
ByteDance, Seattle, WA

Software Engineer
IT People, United States

Storage Software Engineer/Researcher, Infrastructure System Lab
ByteDance, Mountain View, CA

Senior Database Engineer - DataHub
Bloomberg, New York, NY

Senior Database Engineer - DataHub
Bloomberg, Princeton, NJ

MariaDB Database Administator
Deloitte, San Juan, PR

MySQL/MariaDB DBA
Medical Informatics Engineering, Remote

Backend Engineer, PHP
Eneba, Remote

Cloud Support Engineer
Digital Ocean Jobs, Colorado Springs, CO

MySQL DBA I
Percona, Remote

Senior Software Engineer - NuoDB
Dassault Systèmes, Waltham, MA

Senior Software Engineer
Dassault Systèmes, Waltham, MA

Software Engineer
Dassault Systèmes, Waltham, MA

DevOps Engineer
Imperfect Foods, Remote

Snowflake Administrator - Remote
Suvia Technologies Ltd, Remote

Database Developer
RR Donnelley, Remote

snowflake developer
Aagama solutions, Remote

Snowflake Developer with Looker
ERPMark Inc, Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Neo4j logo

The right graph database.
Not a graph add-on.
Free forever.
Start solving today

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here