DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > LevelDB vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. VoltDB

System Properties Comparison LevelDB vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. VoltDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonVoltDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceDistributed In-Memory NewSQL RDBMS infoUsed for OLTP applications with a high frequency of relatively simple transactions, that can hold all their data in memory
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.06
Rank#101  Overall
#18  Key-value stores
Score111.13
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score40.22
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1.60
Rank#142  Overall
#69  Relational DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­google/­leveldbmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
azure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.voltdb.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.voltdb.com
DeveloperGoogleMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
MicrosoftVoltDB Inc.
Initial release20112009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 199520142010
Current release1.23, February 202110.8.3, May 202211.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL for Community Edition, commercial license for Enterprise, AWS, and Pro Editions
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC++C and C++Java, C++
Server operating systemsIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hostedLinux
OS X infofor development
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query languageyes infoonly a subset of SQL 99
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Java API
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C#
C++
Erlang infonot officially supported
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3JavaScriptJava
TriggersnoyesJavaScriptno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneseveral options for horizontal partitioning and ShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenono infoFOREIGN KEY constraints are not supported
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID infoTransactions are executed single-threaded within stored procedures
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes infoSnapshots and command logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelUsers and roles with access to stored procedures
More information provided by the system vendor
LevelDBMariaDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBVoltDB
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
LevelDBMariaDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBVoltDB
DB-Engines blog posts

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Check Point Research detects vulnerability in the Everscale blockchain wallet, preventing cryptocurrency theft
25 April 2022, Check Point Research

Vidar distributed through backdoored Windows 11 downloads and abusing Telegram
19 May 2022, Security Boulevard

AI and Blockchain Technology: What Is the Future?
28 April 2022, Coin Rivet

How Infrastructure Providers Can Enable Web3 – The New Stack
23 December 2021, thenewstack.io

Malicious Roblox Cookie and Discord Token Stealers Hit PyPI Repository
2 February 2022, Security Boulevard

provided by Google News

MariaDB Puts $25K on the Table in Distributed SQL Throwdown
11 May 2022, Business Wire

MariaDB SkySQL Wins World's Premier Business Award, a Gold Stevie®
5 May 2022, Business Wire

Enhancing Your Amazon RDS for MariaDB Databases
3 May 2022, Database Trends and Applications

NoSQL Market is Expected to Reach US$ 43.33 Bn by the End of 2031-IBM Corporation, Aerospike Inc, MarkLogic Corporation, Hibernate, MariaDB, Oracle Database, Neo technology, MongoDB, Basho Technologies, Couchbase, PostgreSQL – The Daily Val
24 May 2022, The Daily Vale

How to Install Wordpress on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Server
23 May 2022, Linux Shout

provided by Google News

Document Databases Software Market is Expected to Reach US$ 43.33 Bn by the End of 2031-MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic, RethinkDB, CouchDB, SQL-RD, OrientDB, RavenDB, Redis – The Daily Vale
23 May 2022, The Daily Vale

Microsoft fixes cross-account vulns in Azure Database for PostgreSQL service
28 April 2022, The Register

An Introduction and Tutorial for Azure Cosmos DB
25 February 2022, InfoQ.com

Integrate Azure and Spring with Spring Cloud Azure
9 May 2022, iProgrammer

Researchers discover critical flaw in Azure Cosmos DB
27 August 2021, TechTarget

provided by Google News

In-Memory Database Market Biggest Innovation with Top Key Players -Altibase Corporation, Amazon Web Services, Datastax, Enea AB, IBM, Kognitio, Mcobject, Microsoft Corporation, Oracle Corporation, SAP SE, Tableau Software, Teradata, VoltDB – The Da
22 May 2022, The Daily Vale

VoltDB Launches Active(N) Lossless Cross Data Center Replication
31 August 2021, PR Newswire

VoltDB Partners with Google Cloud for 5G Edge Applications
24 June 2021, PR Newswire

Out-Of-The Box SAP Is Vulnerable: Here’s How to Protect It
23 May 2022, Toolbox

Database Management System (DBMS) Market 2022 Industry Key Strategies, Size, Share, Revenue Growth, Application, Segmentation, Emerging Trends and Forecast to 2027 | Microsoft, Neo Technology, SAP, SAS Institute, Objectivity, Pitney Bowes, Compu
10 May 2022, Digital Journal

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Storage Software Engineer/Researcher, Infrastructure System Lab
ByteDance, Seattle, WA

Storage Software Engineer/Researcher, Infrastructure System Lab
ByteDance, Mountain View, CA

Senior Software Engineer
IT People, Morrisville, NC

Principal Engineer - Database Internals
Snowflake, San Mateo, CA

Senior Software Engineer- Database Internals
Snowflake, San Mateo, CA

MySQL/MariaDB DBA
Medical Informatics Engineering, Remote

Technical Support Engineer - Monday-Friday
kinsta, Austin, TX

Director, Data (Remote)
Movista – Natural Insight, Bentonville, AR

Senior Database Administrator
Copart, Dallas, TX

Sr MS SQL Database Administrator
DST Systems, Remote

Support Engineering - Cosmos DB
Microsoft, Issaquah, WA

Site Reliability Engineer – Azure Cosmos DB
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

MS Azure Sr. Developer or Architect
Wintrio, Austin, TX

Entry Level .Net/C# Software Developer - Summer 2022 (Nationwide or Remote)
BDO, Austin, TX

Security Researcher
Microsoft, Atlanta, GA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here