DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > LevelDB vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison LevelDB vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.91
Rank#98  Overall
#17  Key-value stores
Score98.98
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score36.87
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitegithub.com/­google/­leveldbmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
azure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperGoogleMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Microsoft
Initial release201120092014
Current release1.23 , February 202110.6.3, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC++C and C++
Server operating systemsIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesC++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3JavaScript
TriggersnoyesJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneseveral options for horizontal partitioning and ShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item level
More information provided by the system vendor
LevelDBMariaDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
LevelDBMariaDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
DB-Engines blog posts

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Squeezing More Performance Out Of The Linux Kernel With Clang + LTO
21 July 2021, Phoronix

The best IoT databases for the edge – an overview and guide
15 October 2020, AZ Big Media

Malicious npm package caught trying to steal sensitive Discord and browser files
28 August 2020, ZDNet

Npm package caught stealing sensitive Discord and browser files
9 November 2020, ZDNet

Inside the “fallguys” malware that steals your browsing data and gaming IMs; Continued attack on open s...
2 September 2020, Security Boulevard

provided by Google News

Database and DBaaS Market SWOT Analysis by Key Players: MariaDB, Teradata, Redis Labs, SAP – The Manomet Current
20 July 2021, The Manomet Current

CRN Big Data Tech Developer HVR Expands Channel Program, Partner Go-To-Market Resources July 29
29 July 2021, CRN

4 Reasons Why You Should Never Use XAMPP on Your Production Server - MUO
23 July 2021, MakeUseOf

Latest MariaDB Community Server Release Boosts Open Source Advancements
23 June 2021, Database Trends and Applications

Your occasional storage digest with MariaDB, HPE, WD, IBM and more – Blocks and Files
24 June 2021, Blocks and Files

provided by Google News

Azure Cosmos DB cache, serverless MongoDB and Managed Apache Cassandra | Azure Friday - Microsoft
9 July 2021, Channel 9

What is Azure Cosmos DB? - Azure Cosmos DB Tutorial
16 July 2021, Pirate Press

Announcing Tom Sawyer Graph Database Browser on Microsoft Azure Marketplace
12 July 2021, EIN News

Azure Week sharing the latest Microsoft platform
28 July 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

Azure Cosmos DB update: MongoDB 4.0, notebooks, and continuous backup | Azure Friday - Microsoft
21 May 2021, Channel 9

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Senior Software Engineer
IT People, Morrisville, NC

Senior Software Engineer - FoundationDB
Snowflake, San Mateo, CA

Senior Software Engineer - Database Engineering
Snowflake, San Mateo, CA

Principal Engineer - Database Engineering
Snowflake, San Mateo, CA

Back End Developer
AIDːTech, New York, NY

MySQL and MariaDB DBA
Scientific Games, United States

MySQL DBA/Mariadb
Intone Networks, Fort Lauderdale, FL

MySQL/MariaDB DBA
Medical Informatics Engineering, Fort Wayne, IN

Sr Database Administrator
Parks, Experiences and Products, Lake Buena Vista, FL

Systems Administrator
Virginia Tech, Roanoke, VA

Azure Data Architect - Remote
Nebraska Furniture Mart, Omaha, NE

Role: Data Engineer - Full-time Role !
Variyas Global Solutions Inc., Lisle, IL

Azure Data Architect - IL/NY/WA
QuantumBricks, Redmond, WA

Data Engineer - Fulltime Role!
Variyas Global Solutions Inc., Fort Lauderdale, FL

Support Engineer
Microsoft, Charlotte, NC

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database machine learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Present your product here