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DBMS > c-treeACE vs. LeanXcale vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison c-treeACE vs. LeanXcale vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Namec-treeACE  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh speed key-value store, desgined for high availability, mission critical applications with automatic recovery and immediately consistent transaction support.A highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesWidely used in-process RDBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.54
Rank#214  Overall
#38  Key-value stores
#102  Relational DBMS
Score0.24
Rank#262  Overall
#46  Key-value stores
#120  Relational DBMS
Score127.45
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score1.26
Rank#148  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitewww.faircom.com/­-products/­-c-treeacewww.leanxcale.comwww.sqlite.orgwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationlearn.faircomcorp.com/­developers/­documentation_directorywww.sqlite.org/­docs.htmlwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperFairCom CorporationLeanXcaleDwayne Richard HippStardog-Union
Initial release1979201520002010
Current releaseV11.5, November 20173.32.2 (June 4, 2020), June 20207.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoRestricted, free version availablecommercialOpen Source infoPublic Domaincommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageANSI C, C++CJava
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
QNX
SCO
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows infoeasily portable to other OSs
server-lessLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yesyes infodynamic column typesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes, ANSI Standard SQL Typesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoANSI SQL queriesyes infothrough Apache Derbyyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
Direct SQL
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Visual Basic
C
Java
Scala
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes info.Net, JavaScript, C/C++nouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyesyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesFile partitioning, horizontal partitioning, sharding infoCustomizable business rules for table partitioningnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoSynchronous and asynchronous realtime replication based on transaction logsnoneMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infowhen using SQLyesyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoacross SQL and NoSQLyesyes infovia file-system locksyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlFine grained user, group and file access rights managed across SQL (per ANSI standard) and NoSQL.noAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
c-treeACELeanXcaleSQLiteStardog
Specific characteristicsSpeed, reliability and consistency are the reasons businesses choose FairCom’s c-treeACE...
» more
Full ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesTop Features High-speed transaction processing Immediately consistent, ACID-compliant,...
» more
Linear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosc-treeACE speed, reliability, and flexibility are direct reasons this technology...
» more
Hybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersVISA, UPS, Verizon, Motorola, CommVault, Thomson Reuters, ACI, BNY Mellon, Rockwell...
» more
banking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsFrom banking and financial transactions, transportation, warehouse automation, package...
» more
15 beta testers
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsJust as the technical aspects of c-treeACE are flexible to meet operation requirements,...
» more
annual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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More resources
c-treeACELeanXcaleSQLiteStardog
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