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DBMS > LeanXcale vs. Microsoft Access vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison LeanXcale vs. Microsoft Access vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.24
Rank#280  Overall
#41  Key-value stores
#129  Relational DBMS
Score116.38
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score129.37
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score1.93
Rank#122  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitewww.leanxcale.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesswww.sqlite.orgwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accesswww.sqlite.org/­docs.htmldocs.stardog.com
DeveloperLeanXcaleMicrosoftDwayne Richard HippStardog-Union
Initial release2015199220002010
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20193.36.0  (18 June 2021), June 20217.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoPublic Domaincommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++CJava
Server operating systemsWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsserver-lessLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infodynamic column typesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infothrough Apache Derbyyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Scala
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-enginenouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenoneMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locksyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003noAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
LeanXcaleMicrosoft AccessSQLiteStardog
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
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More resources
LeanXcaleMicrosoft AccessSQLiteStardog
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