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DBMS > Kingbase vs. Neo4j vs. SAP HANA vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Kingbase vs. Neo4j vs. SAP HANA vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameKingbase  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with PostgreSQL and Oracle and widely used in China.Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.37
Rank#265  Overall
#123  Relational DBMS
Score59.35
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score54.96
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score3.62
Rank#93  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.kingbase.com.cnneo4j.comwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlpingcap.com
Technical documentationbbs.kingbase.com.cn/­chess_wenku-index.htmlneo4j.com/­docshelp.sap.com/­hanadocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperBeiJing KINGBASE Information technologies inc.Neo4j, Inc.SAPPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release1999200720102016
Current releaseV8.0, August 20214.4.10, August 20222.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 20205.4.2, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC and JavaJava, ScalaGo, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Appliance or cloud-serviceLinux
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLStandard with numerous extensionsnoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
gokb
JDBC
kdbndp
ODBC
PDI
PDO
Pro*C
psycopg2
QT
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsSQLScript, Rno
Triggersyesyes infovia event handleryesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by range, list and hash) and vertical partitioningyes using Neo4j Fabricyeshorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)yesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
KingbaseNeo4jSAP HANATiDB
Specific characteristicsAn enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with PostgreSQL and Oracle. It has the following...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesComplete database management platform with Integrated Development Environment Tool,...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosNew applications for transactional and mixed workloads that need to integrate with...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersThe main customers are: China National Petroleum Corporation China Petrochemical...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metricsAt present, the main market is in China, but expansion to the international market...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsBusiness license. Various sales modes: for example, sales by set, sales by CPU quantity,...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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KingbaseNeo4jSAP HANATiDB
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