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DBMS > Kingbase vs. MaxDB vs. SAP HANA vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Kingbase vs. MaxDB vs. SAP HANA vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameKingbase  Xexclude from comparisonMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with PostgreSQL and Oracle and widely used in China.A robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutionsIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.37
Rank#265  Overall
#123  Relational DBMS
Score3.78
Rank#92  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score54.96
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score3.62
Rank#93  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.kingbase.com.cnmaxdb.sap.comwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlpingcap.com
Technical documentationbbs.kingbase.com.cn/­chess_wenku-index.htmlmaxdb.sap.com/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­hanadocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperBeiJing KINGBASE Information technologies inc.SAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997SAPPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release1999198420102016
Current releaseV8.0, August 20217.9.10 (January 2020), 20202.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 20205.4.2, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoLimited community edition freecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC and JavaC++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Appliance or cloud-serviceLinux
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLStandard with numerous extensionsyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
gokb
JDBC
kdbndp
ODBC
PDI
PDO
Pro*C
psycopg2
QT
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyesSQLScript, Rno
Triggersyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by range, list and hash) and vertical partitioningnoneyeshorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesSource-replica replicationyesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
KingbaseMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DSAP HANATiDB
Specific characteristicsAn enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with PostgreSQL and Oracle. It has the following...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesComplete database management platform with Integrated Development Environment Tool,...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosNew applications for transactional and mixed workloads that need to integrate with...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersThe main customers are: China National Petroleum Corporation China Petrochemical...
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metricsAt present, the main market is in China, but expansion to the international market...
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsBusiness license. Various sales modes: for example, sales by set, sales by CPU quantity,...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
KingbaseMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DSAP HANATiDB
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