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DBMS > JanusGraph vs. Neo4j vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison JanusGraph vs. Neo4j vs. TigerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017Open source graph databaseA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelGraph DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.43
Rank#108  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
Score52.32
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1.50
Rank#137  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Websitejanusgraph.orgneo4j.comwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationdocs.janusgraph.orgneo4j.com/­docsdocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release201720072017
Current release0.5.2, May 20204.2.3, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsJava API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesClojure
Java
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsyes
Triggersyesyes infovia event handlerno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics enginenoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph ServerUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Role-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
JanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanNeo4jTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Four out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
ANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Try TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more
News

Top 10 Use Cases: Data Lineage
8 March 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Semantic similarity metrics, Virtuoso SPARQL integration, Deep Graph Library
6 March 2021

#GraphCast: Introduction to Graph Theory: What Is a Graph?
5 March 2021

New Certification Exam Available: Neo4j Graph Data Science
4 March 2021

Top 10 Use Cases: Master Data Management
1 March 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
JanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanNeo4jTigerGraph
DB-Engines blog posts

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22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Recent citations in the news

JanusGraph Picks Up Where TitanDB Left Off
13 January 2017, Datanami

What is a graph database?
8 February 2021, VentureBeat

Graph Databases: Full Detailed Review
13 July 2020, hackernoon.com

China's Zillow alternative goes open source to scale a 10 billion node graph database
4 November 2020, TechRepublic

From graph to the world: pioneering a database virtual machine
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Neo4j Continues Exceptional Growth in 2020, Bolstered by Customer Wins, Mainstream Adoption and Community Expansion
17 February 2021, PRNewswire

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8 March 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Graph Databases Software Market 2021 by Companies: Neo4j, ArangoDB, SAP, Twitter, The Apache Software Foundation, Cayley
2 March 2021, NY Market Reports

Graph Database Market Latest Technological Advancements 2026: IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, OrientDB, TIBCO, Franz, OpenLink Software, MarkLogic, TigerGraph, DataStax, Ontotext, Stardog, Cray, ArangoDB , Bitnine, Objectivity, Memgraph, Cambridge Semantics, Fluree, and Blazegraph.
22 February 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Non-Relational Databases Market Highly Growing By 2027 | IBM, FileMaker, Oracle, Neo4j – The Bisouv Network
3 March 2021, The Bisouv Network

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TigerGraph raises $105M Series C for its enterprise graph database
17 February 2021, TechCrunch

TigerGraph Roars With $105 Million
22 February 2021, Silicon Valley Daily

TigerGraph Raises $105 Million in Series C Funding
19 February 2021, Branding in Asia Magazine

Data Analytics Firm TigerGraph Raises $105 Million to Accelerate Graph Analytics on the Cloud
24 February 2021, The Fast Mode

Graph analytics firm TigerGraph bags $105m in Tiger Global-led round
18 February 2021, Tech in Asia

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