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DBMS > JanusGraph vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison JanusGraph vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017Open source graph databaseMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelGraph DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.94
Rank#119  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
Score48.39
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score6.28
Rank#55  Overall
#8  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#9  Key-value stores
Websitejanusgraph.orgneo4j.comorientdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.janusgraph.org/­latestneo4j.com/­docsorientdb.org/­docs/­3.0.x
DeveloperLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud
Initial release201720072010
Current release0.4.0, July 20193.5.4, April 20193.0.18, March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsJava API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Supported programming languagesClojure
Java
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascript
Triggersyesyes infovia event handlerHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)noneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics enginenono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph ServerUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
JanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanNeo4jOrientDB
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

AI & Graph Technology: Connections Improve Accuracy
19 August 2019

This Week in Neo4j – 4.0 Milestone Testing, Highschool Popularity Algorithms, Minecraft Crafting Tree, Cancer Graph and Social Network Pagination
17 August 2019

#GraphCast: Better Data, Better Decisions
16 August 2019

Visualizing This Week in Tech
15 August 2019

AI & Graph Technology: How Graphs Accelerate Machine Learning
12 August 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
JanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanNeo4jOrientDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

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2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

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22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
3 March 2015, Paul Andlinger

Graph DBMSs are gaining in popularity faster than any other database category
21 January 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

The Linux Foundation Announces Full Agenda for Open Source Summit and Embedded Linux Conference Europe | IT Certification Industry Press Releases
8 August 2019, Go Certify

JanusGraph Picks Up Where TitanDB Left Off
13 January 2017, Datanami

The year of the graph: Getting graphic, going native, reshaping the landscape
8 January 2018, ZDNet

The Graph Database Poised To Pounce On The Mainstream
19 September 2018, The Next Platform

Amazon Neptune review: A scalable graph database for OLTP
13 May 2019, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

Neo4j and Thales bring data security to the graph database
25 July 2019, Help Net Security

Neo4j charts tighter grip on graph data-at-rest
29 July 2019, ComputerWeekly.com

Neo4j & Thales Team Up to Offer Graph Data-at-Rest Encryption
23 July 2019, PRNewswire

NEORIS Forges Global Partnership with Neo4j to Augment Human Intelligence and Data Management Capabilities at Scale
1 August 2019, PRNewswire

New Graph Database Performance Benchmark Confirms Graph Databases are Ready for Solving Real-World Business Intelligence, Data Challenges
14 August 2019, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

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21 August 2019, island Daily Tribune

Graph Database Market to 2023 | Leading Top Key Players Like: IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, Orientdb, Teradata, Tibco Software, Franz, Openlink Software
26 July 2019, News Exterior

Document Databases Software Market Checkout the Unexpected Future 2024 | Top Manufacturers MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase
21 August 2019, island Daily Tribune

Graph Database Market by Component, Deployment Model, Type of Database and Non-relational ), Analysis Type, Application, Organization Size, Industry Vertical: Global Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2019-2026
12 August 2019, Yahoo Finance

Graph Database Market In-Depth Overview, Growth Factors, Regional Analysis And Forecasts Outlook-2025
19 August 2019, Rapid News Network

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