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DBMS > JanusGraph vs. MySQL vs. Nebula Graph

System Properties Comparison JanusGraph vs. MySQL vs. Nebula Graph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017Widely used open source RDBMSA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.40
Rank#116  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
Score1256.38
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.55
Rank#222  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
Websitejanusgraph.orgwww.mysql.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationdocs.janusgraph.orgdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunVesoft Inc.
Initial release201719952019
Current release0.5.2, May 20208.0.22, 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJava API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesClojure
Java
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics enginenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph ServerUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
JanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanMySQLNebula Graph
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
News

Debug the Nebula Graph Processes Inside the Docker Container
27 October 2020

Pick of the Week at Nebula Graph - vesoft Inc. Named one of the 20 Fastest-Growing OSS Startups
23 October 2020

Benchmarking the Mainstream Open Source Distributed Graph Databases at Meituan: Nebula Graph vs Dgraph vs JanusGraph
20 October 2020

Fast Deploy Nebula Graph Cluster with Docker Swarm
13 October 2020

Nebula Graph v1.1 Release Note
21 September 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
JanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanMySQLNebula Graph
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Recent citations in the news

JanusGraph Picks Up Where TitanDB Left Off
13 January 2017, Datanami

What & why: Graph machine learning in distributed systems
16 March 2020, Ericsson

The year of the graph: Getting graphic, going native, reshaping the landscape
8 January 2018, ZDNet

From graph to the world: pioneering a database virtual machine
22 January 2018, ZDNet

The World's Most Capable Graph Database, Nebula Graph™, Debuts for Unmatched Big Data Analytics Discovery
29 June 2020, PR Web

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7 October 2020, PR Web

SQL Market 2020 Insight Analysis, Strategic Assessment, Top Players – PostgreSQL, Oracle Database, Sybase, MarkLogic Corporation, Basho Technologies, MariaDB, MySQL, Microsoft, MongoDB
30 October 2020, PRnews Leader

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29 October 2020, TechCrunch

MySQL Training Service Market: Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Trends, Growth and Forecast 2020 – 2025
29 October 2020, TechnoWeekly

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Nebula Graph Joins Database Race
15 June 2020, Datanami

The World's Most Capable Graph Database, Nebula Graph™, Debuts for Unmatched Big Data Analytics Discovery
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Nebula Graph Raises $8M in Series Pre-A Funding
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Tracking the Spread of Coronavirus with Graph Databases
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26 August 2020, The Next Platform

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