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DBMS > JanusGraph vs. Milvus vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison JanusGraph vs. Milvus vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017A DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searchesMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelGraph DBMSVector DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.94
Rank#129  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Score2.31
Rank#113  Overall
#3  Vector DBMS
Score3.19
Rank#93  Overall
#16  Document stores
#7  Graph DBMS
#14  Key-value stores
Websitejanusgraph.orgmilvus.ioorientdb.org
Technical documentationdocs.janusgraph.orgmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.mdwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release201720192010
Current release0.6.3, February 20232.3.4, January 20243.2.29, March 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Zilliz Cloud – Cloud-native service for Milvus
Implementation languageJavaC++, GoJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesVector, Numeric and Stringyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsJava API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
RESTful HTTP APITinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesClojure
Java
Python
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoJava, Javascript
TriggersyesnoHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics enginenono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Bounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph ServerRole based access control and fine grained access rightsAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
JanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanMilvusOrientDB
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
» more
Typical application scenariosRAG: retrieval augmented generation Video media : video understanding, video deduplication....
» more
Key customersMilvus is trusted by thousands of enterprises, including PayPal, eBay, IKEA, LINE,...
» more
Market metricsAs of January 2024, 25k+ GitHub stars 10M+ downloads and installations​ ​ 3k+ enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Fully-managed...
» more

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More resources
JanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanMilvusOrientDB
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Recent citations in the news

JanusGraph Picks Up Where TitanDB Left Off
13 January 2017, Datanami

Database Deep Dives: JanusGraph
8 August 2019, ibm.com

Simple Deployment of a Graph Database: JanusGraph | by Edward Elson Kosasih
12 October 2020, Towards Data Science

Compose for JanusGraph arrives on Bluemix
15 September 2017, ibm.com

Nordstrom Builds Flexible Backend Ops with Kubernetes, Spark and JanusGraph
3 October 2019, The New Stack

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How NVIDIA GPU Acceleration Supercharged Milvus Vector Database
26 March 2024, The New Stack

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31 January 2024, SitePoint

Milvus 2.4 Unveils Game-Changing Features for Enhanced Vector Search
20 March 2024, GlobeNewswire

Zilliz Unveils Game-Changing Features for Vector Search
22 March 2024, Datanami

IBM watsonx.data’s integrated vector database: unify, prepare, and deliver your data for AI
9 April 2024, ibm.com

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The 12 Best Graph Databases to Consider for 2024
22 October 2023, Solutions Review

OrientDB: A Flexible and Scalable Multi-Model NoSQL DBMS
21 January 2022, Open Source For You

Comparing Graph Databases II. Part 2: ArangoDB, OrientDB, and… | by Sam Bell
20 September 2019, Towards Data Science

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