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DBMS > JanusGraph vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison JanusGraph vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Titan

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.30
Rank#134  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score31.99
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitejanusgraph.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbgithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan
Technical documentationdocs.janusgraph.orglearn.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbgithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusMicrosoftAurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release201720142012
Current release0.6.3, February 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesClojure
Java
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptyes
TriggersyesJavaScriptyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)Sharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics enginewith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
User concepts infoAccess controlUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph ServerAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

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More resources
JanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTitan
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Database Deep Dives: JanusGraph
8 August 2019, IBM

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3 October 2019, The New Stack

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15 November 2023, azure.microsoft.com

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25 August 2023, DataDrivenInvestor

Microsoft turbocharges AI development with Fabric, Azure AI Studio and database updates
15 November 2023, SiliconANGLE News

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Beyond Titan: The Evolution of DataStax's New Graph Database
21 June 2016, Datanami

Building a Graph Database on AWS Using Amazon DynamoDB and Titan | Amazon Web Services
22 October 2015, AWS Blog

DSE Graph review: Graph database does double duty
14 November 2019, InfoWorld

5 Q's with Graph Database Expert Marko Rodriguez – Center for Data Innovation
9 November 2013, Center for Data Innovation

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